Question: What is Carl Jung best known for?


Carl Jung is recognized as one of the most influential psychiatrists of all time. He founded analytical psychology and was among the first experts in his field to explore the religious nature behind human psychology. ... Psychological complexes: A cluster of behaviors, memories, and emotions grouped around a common theme.Carl Jung is recognized as one of the most influential psychiatrists of all time. He founded analytical psychology

Jung's work has been influential in the fields ofanthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, psychology, and religious studies. Jung worked as a research scientist at the famous hospital, under. During this time, he came to the attention ofthe founder of. The two men conducted a and collaborated, for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology. Jung's research and personal vision, however, made it impossible for him to follow his older colleague's doctrine and a schism became inevitable.

This division was personally painful for Jung and resulted in the establishment of Jung's analytical psychology as a comprehensive system separate from psychoanalysis. Among the central concepts of analytical psychology is —the lifelong psychological process of differentiation of the self out of each individual's conscious and unconscious elements.

Jung considered it to be the main task of human development.

C.G. Jung (Author of Memories, Dreams, Reflections)

He created some of the best known psychological concepts, including, thethe and. Jung was also an artist, craftsman, builder and a prolific writer. Many of his works were not published until after his death and some are still awaiting publication. The clergy house in Kleinhüningen, Basel where Jung grew up Carl Gustav Jung was born 26 July 1875 inin the ofthe first surviving son of What is Carl Jung best known for? Achilles Jung 1842—1896 and Emilie Preiswerk 1848—1923.

His birth was preceded by two stillbirths and the birth of a son named Paul, born in 1873, who survived only a few days. Paul Jung, Carl's father, was the youngest son of noted German-Swiss professor of medicine at1794—1864. Paul's hopes of achieving a fortune never materialised, and he did not progress beyond the status of an impoverished rural pastor in the.

Emilie Preiswerk, Carl's mother, had also grown up in a large family, whose Swiss roots went back five centuries. Emilie was the youngest child of a distinguished churchman and academic, 1799—1871and his second wife. Samuel Preiswerk was anthe title given to the head of the Reformed clergy in the city, as well as aauthor, and editor, who taught Paul Jung as his professor of at.

At this time, tensions between father and mother had developed. Jung's mother was an eccentric and depressed woman; she spent considerable time in her bedroom, where she said that spirits visited her at night.

Although she was normal during the day, Jung recalled that at night his mother became strange and mysterious. He reported that one night he saw a faintly luminous and indefinite figure coming from her room with a head detached from the neck and floating in the air in front of the body. Jung had a better relationship with his father. Jung's mother left Laufen for several months of hospitalization near for an unknown physical ailment. His father took the boy to be cared for by Emilie Jung's unmarried sister in Basel, but he was later brought back to his father's residence.

Later, these early impressions were revised: I have trusted men friends and been disappointed What is Carl Jung best known for? them, and I have mistrusted women and was not disappointed.

In 1879 he was called to Kleinhüningen, next to Basel, where his family lived in a parsonage of the church. The relocation brought Emilie Jung closer into contact with her family and lifted her melancholy. When he was nine years old, Jung's sister Johanna Gertrud 1884—1935 was born. From childhood, he believed that like his mother, he had two personalities—a modern Swiss citizen and a personality more suited to What is Carl Jung best known for?

18th century. Although Jung was close to both parents, he was disappointed by his father's academic approach to faith. Some childhood memories made lifelong impressions on him.

As a boy, he carved a tiny into the end of the wooden ruler from his pencil case and placed it inside the case. He added a stone, which he had painted into upper and lower halves, and hid the case in the attic. Periodically, he would return to the mannequin, often bringing tiny sheets of paper with messages inscribed on them in his own secret language.

He later reflected that this ceremonial act brought him a feeling of inner peace and security. Years later, he discovered similarities between his personal experience and the practices associated with insuch as the collection of soul-stones near or the of Australia.

He concluded that his intuitive ceremonial act was an unconscious ritual, which he had practiced in a way that was strikingly similar to those in distant locations which he, as a young boy, knew nothing about.

His observations about symbols,and the were inspired, in part, by these early experiences combined with his later research. At the age of 12, shortly before the end of his first year at the Humanistisches Gymnasium in Basel, Jung was pushed to the ground by another boy so hard that he momentarily lost consciousness.

Jung later recognized that the incident was indirectly his fault. He remained at home for the next six months until he overheard his father speaking hurriedly to What is Carl Jung best known for?

visitor about the boy's future ability to support himself. Confronted with the reality of his family's poverty, he What is Carl Jung best known for? the need for academic excellence. He went into his father's study and began poring over. He fainted three more times but eventually overcame the urge and did not faint again.

There was a strong moral sense in his household and several of his family members were clergymen as well. For a time, Jung had wanted to study archaeology, but his family could not afford to send him further than the University of Basel, which did not teach archaeology.

After studying What is Carl Jung best known for? in his teens, Jung decided against the path of religious traditionalism and decided instead to pursue psychiatry and medicine. His interest was immediately captured—it combined the biological and the spiritual, exactly what he was searching for. In 1895 Jung began to What is Carl Jung best known for? medicine at the. Barely a year later in 1896, his father Paul died and left the family near destitute. They were helped out by relatives who also contributed to Jung's studies.

During his student days, he entertained his contemporaries with the family legend that his paternal grandfather was the illegitimate son of and his German great-grandmother, Sophie Ziegler. In later life, he pulled back from this tale, saying only that Sophie was a friend of Goethe's niece.

In 1900, Jung moved to and began working at the psychiatric hospital under. Bleuler was already in communication with the Austrian neurologist. Jung'spublished in 1903, was titled On the What is Carl Jung best known for? and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena. It was based on the analysis of the supposed of Jung's cousin Hélène Preiswerk, under the influence of Freud's contemporary. Jung also studied with in Paris in 1902 and later equated his view of the with Janet's idée fixe subconsciente.

In 1905, Jung was appointed as a permanent 'senior' doctor at the hospital and also became a lecturer in the medical faculty of Zurich University. In 1904, he published with their Diagnostic Association Studies, of which Freud obtained a copy. In 1909, Jung left the psychiatric hospital and began a private practice in his home in. Eventually, a close friendship and a strong professional association developed between the elderwhich left a sizeable.

For six years they cooperated in their work. In 1912, however, Jung publishedwhich made manifest the developing theoretical divergence between the two. Consequently, their personal and professional relationship fractured—each stating that the other was unable to admit he could be wrong.

After the culminating break in 1913, Jung went through a difficult and pivotal psychological transformation, exacerbated by the outbreak of the. Rauschenbach was the owner, among other concerns, of —the International Watch Company, manufacturers of luxury time-pieces. Upon his death in 1905, his two daughters and their husbands became owners of the business. Jung's brother-in-law——became the principal proprietor, but the Jungs remained shareholders in a thriving business that ensured the family's financial security for decades.

Emma Jung, whose education had been limited, evinced considerable ability and interest in her husband's research and threw herself into studies and acted as his assistant at Burghölzli. She eventually became a noted psychoanalyst in her own right. They had five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene. The marriage lasted until Emma died in 1955. During his marriage, Jung allegedly engaged in extramarital relationships.

His alleged affairs with and were the most widely discussed. Though it was mostly taken for granted that Jung's relationship with Spielrein included a sexual relationship, this assumption has been disputed, in particular by. The Swiss were neutral and obliged to intern personnel from either side of the conflict who crossed their frontier to evade capture.

Jung worked to improve the conditions of soldiers stranded in Switzerland and encouraged them to attend university courses. Front row, Carl Jung. Jung and Freud influenced each other during the intellectually formative years of Jung's life.

Jung had become interested in psychiatry as a student by reading by. In 1900, Jung completed his degree and started work as an intern voluntary doctor under the psychiatrist at Burghölzli Hospital. It was Bleuler who introduced him to the writings of Freud by asking him to write a review of 1899. At the time, Freud needed collaborators and pupils to validate and spread his ideas.

Burghölzli was a renowned psychiatric clinic in Zurich and Jung's research had already gained him international recognition. Jung sent Freud a copy of his Studies in Word Association in 1906. The same year, he published Diagnostic Association Studies, which he later sent a copy of to Freud—who had already purchased a copy. Preceded by a lively correspondence, Jung met Freud for the first time in Vienna on March 3, 1907. Jung recalled the discussion between himself and Freud as interminable, unceasing for thirteen hours.

Six months later, the then 50-year-old Freud sent a collection of his latest published essays to Jung in. This marked the beginning of an intense correspondence and collaboration that lasted six years.

In 1908, Jung became an editor of the newly founded Yearbook for Psychoanalytical and Psychopathological Research. In 1909, Jung travelled with Freud and Hungarian psychoanalyst to the United States; they took part in a conference at inMassachusetts.

The conference at Clark University was planned by the psychologist What is Carl Jung best known for? included twenty-seven distinguished psychiatrists, neurologists, and psychologists. It represented a watershed in the acceptance of psychoanalysis in North America. This forged welcome links What is Carl Jung best known for? Jung and influential Americans. Jung returned to the United States the next year for a brief visit. However, after forceful objections from his Viennese colleagues, it was agreed Jung would be elected to serve What is Carl Jung best known for?

two-year term of office. Jung de-emphasized the importance of sexual development and focused on the collective unconscious: the part of the unconscious that contains memories and ideas that Jung believed were inherited from ancestors. While he did think that libido was an important source for personal What is Carl Jung best known for?, unlike Freud, Jung did not believe that libido alone was responsible for the formation What is Carl Jung best known for?

the core personality. Shortly thereafter, Jung again traveled to the United States and gave the lectures, a six-week series, which were published What is Carl Jung best known for?

in the year as Psychology of the Unconscious subsequently republished as. Another primary disagreement with Freud stemmed from their differing concepts of the unconscious. Jung saw Freud's theory of the unconscious as incomplete and unnecessarily negative and inelastic.

According to Jung, Freud conceived the unconscious solely as a repository of repressed emotions and desires. The is not so much a 'geographical location', but a deduction from the alleged ubiquity of over space and time. In November 1912, Jung and Freud met in for a meeting among prominent colleagues to discuss psychoanalytical journals. At a talk about a new psychoanalytic essay onJung expressed his views on how it related to actual conflicts in the psychoanalytic movement.

While Jung spoke, Freud suddenly fainted and Jung carried him to a couch. Jung and Freud personally met for the last time in September 1913 for the Fourth International Psychoanalytical Congress in Munich. Jung gave a talk on psychological types, the and type in. Letters they exchanged show Freud's refusal to consider Jung's ideas. Everyone he knew What is Carl Jung best known for? away except for two of his colleagues. His travels were soon interrupted by the war, but his ideas continued to receive attention in England primarily through the efforts of Constance Long who translated and published the first English volume of his collected writings.

He saw visions and heard voices. Around 1915, Jung commissioned a large red leather-bound book, and began to transcribe his notes, along with painting, working intermittently for sixteen years.

Jung left no posthumous instructions about the final disposition of what he called the Liber Novus or the. Ulrich Hoerni, Jung's grandson who manages the Jung archives, decided to publish it when the necessary additional funds needed were raised through the. Up to mid-September 2008, fewer than two dozen people had ever seen it. In 2007, two technicians for DigitalFusion, working with New York City publishersscanned the manuscript with a 10,200-pixel scanner.

There followed a decade of active publication, interspersed with overseas travels. In 1935, at the invitation of his close British friends and colleagues, H.

Baynes, andJung gave a series of lectures at the in London, later published as part of the Collected Works. In 1938, Jung was awarded an honorary degree by the.

At the tenth International Medical Congress for Psychotherapy held at Oxford from 29 July to 2 August 1938, Jung gave the presidential address, followed by a visit to to stay with the Bailey family at Lawton Mere.

In 1946, Jung agreed to become the first Honorary President of the newly formed in London, having previously approved its training programme devised by. In 1912 Jung gave a series of lectures at Fordham University, New York which were published later in the year as. Jung made a more extensive trip westward in the winter of 1924—5, financed and organized by Fowler McCormick and George Porter.

Of particular value to Jung was a visit with of the near. Jung made another trip to America in 1936, receiving an honorary degree at Harvard and giving lectures in New York and New England for his growing group of American followers.

He returned in 1937 to deliver the atlater published as Psychology and Religion. He was What is Carl Jung best known for? by his English friend, and an American associate. On the voyage to Africa, they became acquainted with an English woman named Ruth Bailey, who joined their safari a few weeks later. Later he concluded that the major insights he had gleaned had to do with himself and the European psychology in which he had been raised.

One of Jung's most famous proposed constructs is kinship libido. Jung defined this as an instinctive feeling of belonging to a particular group or family and Jung believed it was vital to the human experience and used this as an endogamous aspect of the libido and what lies amongst the family.

In Africa, his conversations had been strictly limited by the language barrier, but in India, he was able to converse extensively. Hindu philosophy became an important element in his understanding of the role of symbolism and the life of the unconscious, though he avoided a meeting with. Jung became seriously ill on this trip and endured two weeks of in a Calcutta hospital. After 1938, his travels were confined to Europe.

He became ill again in 1952. Jung continued to publish books until the end of his life, including Flying Saucers: A Modern Myth of Things Seen in the Skies 1959which analyzed the archetypal meaning and possible psychological significance of the reported observations of. He also enjoyed a friendship with an English priest, Fatherwho corresponded with Jung after he had published his controversial. Jung died on 6 June 1961 at Küsnacht after a short illness. Although he was a practicing clinician and writer and as such foundedmuch of his life's work was spent exploring other areas such as, and including,and sociology, as well as literature and the arts.

Jung's interest in philosophy and spiritual subjects led many to view him as a mystic, although his preference was to be seen as a man of science; Jung was, unlike Freud, heavily knowledgeable on philosophical concepts and aimed to link the branch of epistemology to the more modern theories of psychology.

In a woman's psyche, her inner personal masculine is conceived both as a complex and an archetypal image; comparably in a man's psyche, his inner personal feminine is conceived both as a complex and an archetypal image. Jung's descriptions of archetypes varied over time. Jung viewed it as the psyche's central archetype. This was popularised by both Freud and Jung.

Whereas an individual's personal unconscious is made up of thoughts and emotions which have, at some time, been experienced or held in mind, but which have been repressed or forgotten, in contrast, the collective unconscious is neither acquired by activities within an individual's life, nor a container of things that are thoughts, memories or ideas which are capable of being conscious during one's life.

The collective unconscious consists of universal heritable elements common to all humans, distinct from other species. It encapsulates fields of evolutionary biology, history of civilization, ethnology, brain and nervous system development, and general psychological development. Jung considers that science would hardly deny the existence and basic nature of 'instincts', existing as a whole set of motivating urges. The collective unconscious acts as the frame where science can distinguish individual motivating urges, thought to be universal across all individuals of the human species, while instincts are present in all species.

Jung's definitions of archetypes varied over time and have been the subject What is Carl Jung best known for? debate as to their usefulness. Jung saw archetypes as pre-configurations in nature that give rise to repeating, understandable, describable experiences.

In addition the concept takes into account the passage of time and of patterns resulting from transformation. Archetypes are said to exist independently of any current event, or its effect. They are said to exert influence both across all domains of experience and throughout the stages of each individual's unique development. They have been deduced through the development of storytelling over tens of thousands of years, indicating repeating patterns of individual and group experience, behaviors, and effects across the planet, apparently displaying common themes.

The concept did not originate with Jung but with who first conceived of primordial patterns. Later contributions came fromand among others. In the first half of the twentieth century it proved impossible to objectively isolate and categorize the notion of an archetype within a materialist frame. Their alleged presence could be extracted from thousand-year-old narratives, from comparative religion and mythology.

Examples of archetypes might be the shadow, the hero, the self, anima, animus, mother, father, child, and trickster. Much of the shadow comes as a result of an individual's adaptation to cultural norms and expectations. Thus, What is Carl Jung best known for? The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious (Collected Works of C.G. Jung Vol.9 Part 1) (Collected Works of C.G. Jung, 48): 9780691018331: C. G. Jung, R.F.C. Hull: Books

archetype not only consists of all the things deemed unacceptable by society but also those that are not aligned with one's own personal morals and values. Not wanting to look at their shadows directly, Jung argues, often results in.

Individuals project imagined attitudes onto others without awareness. The qualities an individual may hate or love in another, may be manifestly present in the individual, who does not see the external, material truth.

In order to truly grow as an individual, Jung believed that both the and should be balanced. The shadow can appear in dreams or visions, often taking the form of a dark, wild, exotic figure.

In Jung's Psychological Types, he theorizes that each person falls into one of two categories: the introvert or the extravert. Jung compares these two psychological types to ancient archetypes, and.

The introvert is likened to Apollo, who shines a light on understanding. The introvert is focused on the internal world of reflection, dreaming, and vision. Thoughtful and insightful, the introvert can sometimes be uninterested in joining the activities of others.

The extravert is associated with Dionysus, interested in joining the activities of the world. The extravert is focused on the outside world of objects, sensory perception, and action. Energetic and lively, the extravert may lose their sense of self in the intoxication of Dionysian pursuits. Jungian introversion and extraversion is quite different from the modern idea of introversion and extraversion.

Modern theories often stay true to behaviourist means of describing such a trait sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness, etc. Jung applied the termexplicitly because, in Latin, it means both personality and the masks worn by Roman actors of theexpressive of the individual roles played. But he also What is Carl Jung best known for? it quite explicit that it is, in substance, a character mask in the classical sense known to theatre, with its double function: both intended to make a certain impression on others, and to hide part of the true nature of the individual.

Our main task, he believed, is to discover and fulfill our deep, innate potential. Based on his study of,and other traditions, Jung believed that this journey of transformation, which he calledis at the mystical heart of all religions.

It is a journey to meet the and at the same time to meet the. Unlike Freud's objectivist worldview, Jung's may have led him to believe that spiritual experience was essential to our well-being, as he specifically identifies individual human life with the universe as a whole.

Jung's idea of religion as a practical road to individuation is still treated in modern textbooks on thethough his ideas have also been criticized. Jung recommended spirituality as a cure for alcoholism, and he is considered to have had an indirect role in establishing.

Jung once treated an American patientwho had chronic alcoholism. After working with the patient for some time and achieving no significant progress, Jung told the man that his alcoholic condition was near to hopeless, save only the possibility of a spiritual experience. Jung noted that, occasionally, such experiences had been known to reform alcoholics when all other options had failed. Hazard took Jung's advice seriously and set about seeking a personal, spiritual experience.

He returned home to the United States and joined a Christian movement known as the later known as Moral Re-Armament. He also told other alcoholics what Jung had told him about the importance of a spiritual experience.

Thacher told Wilson about the Oxford Group and, through them, Wilson became aware of Hazard's experience with Jung. The influence of Jung thus indirectly found its way into the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous, the original. The above claims are documented in the letters of Jung and Bill Wilson, excerpts of which can be found in Pass It On, published by Alcoholics Anonymous.

Although the detail of this story is disputed by some historians, Jung himself discussed an Oxford Group member, who may have been the same person, in talks given around 1940. The remarks were distributed privately in transcript form, from shorthand taken by an attender Jung reportedly approved the transcriptand later recorded in Volume 18 of his Collected Works, The Symbolic Life, For instance, when a member of the Oxford Group comes to me in order to get treatment, I say, 'You are in the Oxford Group; so long as you are there, you settle your affair with the Oxford Group.

I can't do it better than Jesus. Jung goes on to state that he has seen similar cures among. The has an intense psychological backdrop, involving the human ego and dichotomy between the conscious and unconscious mind.

Showing his own skepticism toward this postulation, as he could not find material evidence of the existence of spirits. This is the idea that certain coincidences manifest in the world, have exceptionally intense meaning to observers.

Despite his own experiments failing to confirm the phenomenon he held on to the idea as an explanation for apparent. In addition, he proposed it as a functional explanation for how the worked, although he was never clear about how synchronicity worked. That idea influenced the physicist with whom, via a letter correspondence, he developed the notion of in connection with the notion of nonlocality and some other.

The work and writings of Jung from the 1930s onwards shifted to a focus on the. In 1944 Jung publishedin which he analyzed the alchemical symbols and came to the conclusion that there is a direct relationship between them and the psychoanalytical process. He argued that the alchemical process was the transformation of the impure soul lead to perfected soul goldand a metaphor for the individuation process. In 1963 first appeared in English as part of. Jung argued that the stages of the alchemists, the blackening, the whitening, the reddening, and the yellowing, could be taken as symbolic of individuation—his chosen term for personal growth 75.

In his work with patients and his own personal explorations, Jung wrote that art expression and images found in dreams could help recover from trauma and emotional distress. At times of emotional distress, he often drew, painted, or made objects and constructions which he recognized as more than recreational.

From Jung's perspective, this replacement of God with the state in a mass society leads to the dislocation of the religious drive and results in the same of the church-states of the Dark Ages—wherein the more the state is 'worshipped', the more freedom and morality are suppressed; this ultimately leaves the individual psychically undeveloped with extreme feelings of marginalization. Until 1939, he also maintained professional relations with psychotherapists in What is Carl Jung best known for?

who had declared their support for the regime. Some scholars allege that he himself sympathized with the regime. In 1933, after the Nazis gained power in Germany, Jung took part in the restructuring of the Allgemeine Ärztliche Gesellschaft für Psychotherapiea German-based professional body with an international membership.

The German body was to be affiliated to the international society, as were new national societies being set up in Switzerland and elsewhere. The International Society's constitution permitted individual doctors to join it directly, rather than through one of the national affiliated societies, a provision to which Jung drew attention in a circular in 1934.

This implied that German Jewish doctors could maintain their professional status as individual members of the international body, even though they were excluded from the German affiliate, as well as from other German medical societies operating under the Nazis.

As leader of the international body, Jung assumed overall responsibility for its publication, the Zentralblatt für Psychotherapie. In 1933, this journal published a statement endorsing Nazi positions and Hitler's book. He did not end his relationship with the Zentralblatt at this time, but he did arrange the appointment of a new managing editor, of Switzerland.

For the next few years, the Zentralblatt under Jung and Meier maintained a position distinct from that of the Nazis, in that it continued to acknowledge contributions of Jewish doctors to psychotherapy. In the face of energetic German attempts to Nazify the international body, Jung resigned from its presidency in 1939, the year the started. Various statements made by Jung in the 1930s have been cited as evidence of both contempt for Nazism and sympathy for Nazism.

You know you could never talk to this man; because there is nobody there. It is What is Carl Jung best known for? an individual; it is an entire nation. Jung consistently rejected accusations of.

In a 1948 interview with Carol Baumann, he stated: It must be clear to anyone who has read any of my books that I have never been a Nazi sympathizer and I never have been anti-Semitic, and no amount of misquotation, mistranslation, or rearrangement of what I have written can alter the record of my true point of view. Nearly every one of these passages has been tampered with, either by malice or by ignorance.

Furthermore, my friendly relations with a large group of Jewish colleagues and patients over a period of many years in itself disproves the charge of anti-Semitism. The accusations, however, have continued to be made concerning Jung's statements.

He also claimed that homosexuality does not reduce the value of a person as a member of society. However, Jung has also stated that homosexuality is a result of psychological immaturity, but only if one's sexuality is not an aspect of their sexuality and constitutional characteristics. This research has led to a re-evaluation of Jung's work, and particularly the visions detailed inin the context of contemporary psychedelic, evolutionary and developmental neuroscience.

While such domains of experience are not What is Carl Jung best known for? of mainstream Western culture and thought, they are central to various Indigenous cultures who use psychedelics such as and during rituals to alter consciousness. I argue that science is beginning to catch up with Jung who was a pioneer whose insights contribute a great deal to our emerging understanding of human consciousness.

It is a fact that you get certain perceptions and experiences of things appearing either in mystical states or in the analysis of unconscious phenomena. What is Carl Jung best known for? article published in 2021 in the International Journal of Jungian Studies, entitled discusses Jung's attitude towards psychedelics, as well as the applicability of his ideas to current research.

As the author writes Jung's '. That said Jung's concept of individuation — that is the integration of the archaic unconscious with consciousness — seems extremely pertinent to modern psychedelic research. Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to and symbolization. A survey, published in 2002, ranked Jung as the 23rd most cited psychologist of the 20th century. The accuracy of van der Post's claims about his relationship to Jung has been questioned. For Hesse this began a long preoccupation withthrough which he came to know Jung personally.

So I was greatly pleased when some of my Jungian friends in Zurich liked it very much. Henderson engaged Pollock through his art, having him make drawings, which led to the appearance of many Jungian concepts in his paintings. As part of the first phase of the band's comeback, Interlude: Shadow, rapped by and released on 10 January, addresses the shadows and the darkness that go hand-in-hand with the light and attention shone on celebrities.

Fellini preferred Jung to Freud because Jungian analysis defined the dream not as a symptom of a disease that required a cure but rather as What is Carl Jung best known for?

link to archetypal images shared by all of humanity. It was re-issued in 2018. It was followed by a book of the same title. What's that supposed to be, some kind of sick joke? It mainly concerns his relationships with Freud anda Russian woman who became his lover What is Carl Jung best known for? student and, later, an analyst herself.

Control centers around Jung's theories of the darkness and the astral plane. Jungian concepts are present in the. The Jungian concepts are represented mostly by the 12 archetypes that the player engages in a conversation. London: Routledge Kegan Paul 1953—1980. Experimental Researches 1904—10 trans L. Psychogenesis of Mental Disease 1907—14; 1919—58 4. Freud and Psychoanalysis 1906—14; 1916—30 5.

Symbols of Transformation 1911—12; 1952 6. Structure and What is Carl Jung best known for? of the Psyche 1916—52 9. Civilization in Transition 1918—1959 11. Psychology and Religion: West and East 1932—52 12.

Mysterium Coniunctionis 1955—56 : 15. Spirit in Man, Art, and Literature 1929—1941 16. The Practice of Psychotherapy 1921—25 17. The Development of Personality 1910; 1925—43 18. The Symbolic Life: Miscellaneous Writings 19. General Index Supplementary volumes A. New York: Back Bay Books. Jung emphasized the significance of the symbolic structure of alchemical texts, a structure that is understood as a way independent of laboratory research, as a structure per se.

G Jung Speaking, Interviews and Encounters, Princeton University Press, 1977. The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious, Collected Works, Volume 9, Part 1, Princeton, N. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. Here are my answers to your questions about Goethe: My mother drew my attention to Faust when I was about What is Carl Jung best known for?

years old. Goethe was important What is Carl Jung best known for? me because of Faust. In my circle, Faust is an object of lively interest. I once knew a wholesaler who always carried a pocket edition of Faust around with him. Two Essays on Analytical Psychology. Old Heraclitus, who was indeed a very great sage, discovered the most marvellous of all psychological laws: the regulative function of opposites.

He called ita running contrariwise, by which he meant that sooner or later everything runs into its opposite. The Journal of Analytical Psychology. The Question of Psychological Types: The Correspondence between C.

Jung and Hans Schmid-Guisan, 1915—1916. The Cambridge Companion To Jung. Jung, Volume 6: Psychological Types. The service rendered by Schiller from our psychological point of view, as will become clear in the course of our exposition, is by no means inconsiderable, for he offers us carefully worked out lines of approach whose value we, psychologists, are only just beginning to appreciate.

In Jackson, Pamela; Lethem, Jonathan eds.

What is Carl Jung best known for?

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. In 1916 I underwent an analysis with a doctor friend of mine who was in part a pupil of Jung's. At that time I became acquainted with Jung's early work, the Wandlungen der Libido, which made an impression on me. The following attempt to outline the archetypal stages in the development What is Carl Jung best known for?

consciousness is based on modern depth psychology. It is an application of the analytical psychology of C. Jung, even where we endeavor to amplify this psychology, and even though we may speculatively overstep its boundaries. I read something by Carl Jung, at about this time, that helped me understand what I was experiencing.

The International Thought of Martin Wight. Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Swiss American Historical Society Review. Carl Jung: Wounded Healer of the Soul: An Illustrated Biography. He was an Arabist, but the family money ran out for his studies. Relief came from a family legacy, however, a condition of the will was that it should only be offered to a family member who intended to study theology and become a pastor.

Paul Jung, therefore, had his career determined by a will, not his will. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über Assoziationen Gesunder pp. Sabina Spielrien between Jung and Freud. Unpublished letters of C G Jung and Sabina Spielrein.

Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. The Correspondence between Sigmund Freud and C. Translated by Ralph Manheim and R. Freud, Jung and Hall the King-Maker. Freud: A Life for Our Time. See also: Jung, Collected Works vol. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud, New York: Anchor Books, 1963.

The Black Books of C. Stiftung der Werke von C. The Red Book Reader's Edition. The Red Book Reader's Edition. Tavistock Lectures, in The Symbolic Life. The Jungians: a Comparative and Historical Perspective. A third and equally weighty essay is Psychology and Religion, originally given as the Terry Lectures at Yale University in 1937.

Editorial Note by William McGuire. Clemens, Carl Gustav Jung, 1978. It was first published as Antwort auf Hiob, Zurich, 1952 and translated into English in 1954, in London. In later years Lotte Kestner settled in Basel, no doubt because of these close ties with the Jung family. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1.

The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1. The Archetypes and the Collective UnconsciousCollected Works, Volume 9, Part 1.

Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1977; Robert H. New York: Viking Press, 1971, p. In: Angelika Ebbinghaus et al. Vienna: Akademische Verlagsanstalt, 2009, pp. Carl Jung: Wounded Healer of the Soul: An Illustrated Biography. Auf Unendliches bezogen — Spirituelle Entdeckungen bei C.

New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. The Red Book Reader ed. Psychology and Alchemy 1968 Second Edition completely revised ed. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual What is Carl Jung best known for?

Modern Society. Jung, Die Beziehungen zwischen dem Ich und dem Unbewußten, chapter one, second section, 1928. Jung Aufsätze zur Zeitgeschichte, 1946. Speeches made in 1933 and 1937 are excerpted. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society.

The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society. The Undiscovered Self: The Problem of the Individual in Modern Society.

W 1980 Freud: the Man and the Cause. Jung; Hodder and Stoughton, London. Jung; Hodder and Stoughton, London. Jung; Hodder and Stoughton, London. See also Stevens, Anthony, Jung: a very short introduction, Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Jung; Hodder and Stoughton, London. The Jung Cult: Origins of a Charismatic Movement 1st ed. The Jung Cult: Origins of a Charismatic Movement 1st ed.

Carl Gustav Jung: Avant-Garde Conservative. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters, eds William McGuire andPrinceton University Press, pp. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters, eds William McGuire and London: Thames and Hudson, 1978pp. Confrontation with the Unconscious: Jungian Depth Psychology and Psychedelic Experience: Muswell Hill Press. In Jung's Red Book for Our Time: Searching for Soul Under Postmodern Conditions Volume 4. Murray Stien and Thomas Artz. The default-mode, ego-functions and free-energy: a neurobiological account of Freudian ideas.

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8. Carl Jung and the Psychedelic Brain:An Evolutionary Model of Analytical Psychology Informed by Psychedelic Neuroscience. International Journal of Jungian Studies. Integrating the Archaic and the Modern: The Red Book, Visual Cognitive Modalities and the Neuroscience of Altered States of Consciousness. In Jung's Red Book for Our Time: Searching for Soul Under Postmodern Conditions Volume 4.

Murray Stien and Thomas Artz. Integrating the Archaic and the Modern: The Red What is Carl Jung best known for?, Visual Cognitive Modalities and the Neuroscience of Altered States of Consciousness. In Jung's Red Book for Our Time: Searching for Soul Under Postmodern Conditions Volume 4.

Murray Stien and Thomas Artz. Confrontation with the Unconscious: Jungian Depth Psychology and Psychedelic Experience: Muswell Hill Press. Carl Jung and the Psychedelic Brain: An Evolutionary Model of Analytical Psychology Informed by Psychedelic Neuroscience.

International Journal of Jungian Studies, p.

What is Carl Jung best known for?

Carl Jung and the Psychedelic Brain: An Evolutionary Model of Analytical Psychology Informed by Psychedelic Neuroscience. International Journal of Jungian Studies, p. Science and Pseudoscience in Social Work Practice. Storyteller: The Many Lives of Laurens van der Post. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

A dangerous method in French. Culver City, Calif: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Dream Analysis: Notes of the Seminar Given in 1928—1930. Please ensure that only a of,and notable further reading suggestions are given; removing less relevant or redundant publications with the where appropriate.

Consider utilising appropriate texts as or creating a. Jung's Psychology of Religion and Synchronicity 1990currently in its 10th printing, is a refereed publication of. Pari, Italy: Pari Publishing, 2008. New York: The Crossroad Publishing Company, 1982. Jung, Music, and Music Therapy: Prepared for the Occasion of the C. From Carl Gustav Jung's Archetypes of the Collective Unconscious to Individual Archetypal Pattern. Roth: Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C. Roth: Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C.

A Most Dangerous Method: The Story of Jung, Freud, and Sabina Spielrein. Jung' drawing extensively on her diaries and correspondence, explores the deep and long-lasting friendship between Ruth, Jung, and Jung's wife and family. Jung's Wandering Archetype: Race and Religion in Analytical Psychology. Jung in Contexts: A Reader. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought.

Jung and the founding of analytical psychology. Jung and the making of modern psychology: the dream of a science. Jung stripped bare: By his biographers, even. Originally Published in the Collected Papers on Analytical Psychology.

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