Question: Who built the castles in Ghana?

Cape Coast Castle (Swedish: Carolusborg) is one of about forty slave castles, or large commercial forts, built on the Gold Coast of West Africa (now Ghana) by European traders. It was originally a Portuguese feitoria or trading post, established in 1555, which they named Cabo Corso.

Who built the first castle in Ghana?

Portuguese In 1482, the Portuguese built St. Georges Castle (Elmina Castle). This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is the earliest known European structure in the tropics.

Where was the first castle in Ghana built?

Elmina Castle St. Georges dElmina Castle, built in 1482, is one of the oldest European buildings outside Europe, and the historic town of Elmina is believed to be the location of the first point of contact between Europeans and sub-Saharan Africans.

Who built the Christiansborg Castle in Ghana?

The castles origins can be traced to a lodge built by Swedes in 1652. Nine years later, the Danish built a fort on the site and called it Fort Christiansborg (“Christians Fortress”), named after the King of Denmark, Christian IV. Over time, the fort was enlarged and converted into a castle.

Which European country built the first castle in Ghana?

Portuguese A mere eleven years after their first contact, the Portuguese built St. Georges Castle, commonly called Elmina Castle, in 1482. This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Which country built the Elmina Castle?

Portuguese Wonders of the African World - Slave Kingdoms - Elmina. Built in 1482 by Portuguese traders, Elmina Castle was the first European slave-trading post in all of sub-saharan Africa.

Which year did the Dutch came to Ghana?

In 1482, the Portuguese built the first castle in the Gold Coast at Elmina to enhance their trading activities especially in gold and slaves. By 1598, the Dutch also arrived in the Gold Coast to trade. They built forts along the coastal areas, notable among them being the Dutch fort at Komenda.

Who was the first governor of Ghana?

Charles Arden-ClarkeSir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke GCMGPrime MinisterKwame Nkrumah (6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960)Preceded byNewly created positionSucceeded byLord ListowelGovernor of the Gold Coast23 more rows

Who lead the Portuguese to Ghana?

Prince Henry the Navigator The Portuguese were the first to arrive. By 1471, under the patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast because Europeans knew the area as the source of gold that reached Muslim North Africa by way of trade routes across the Sahara.

What is the oldest castle in Africa?

Elmina Castle is historically important as it is the earliest European construction in the Gulf of Guinea, and the oldest castle in sub-Saharan Africa.

Who came to Ghana first?

The Portuguese The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive. By 1471, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast. The Gold Coast was so-named because it was an important source of gold.

Is there a single history of Ghana?

History. Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast. On 6 March 1957 Kwame Nkrumah declared the countrys independence. On 1 July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country.

Who was the first governor?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

Who is the current governor of Ghana?

Ernest Kwamina Yedu Addison Ernest Kwamina Yedu Addison (born 1963) is a Ghanaian economist serving as the current and 15th governor of the Bank of Ghana....Ernest Addison.Dr. Ernest AddisonBornErnest Kwamina Yedu Addison 1963 (age 57–58) GhanaNationalityGhanaianResidenceAccra, Ghana11 more rows

Which did the Portuguese came to Ghana?

The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.

What is the oldest historical site in Ghana?

They include the Ussher Fort, one of the oldest in Ghana, as well as a lighthouse, the main fishing harbor of James Town and James Fort Prison.

While crouching to avoid hitting my head on the solid stone ceiling above me, I enter a room that is so tiny that it makes me feel claustrophobic. This room was once a dungeon that held enslaved Africans, and the worn-down stone I stand upon was eroded by the feet of thousands of people Who built the castles in Ghana?

passed through here. I am visiting Elmina Castle and Cape Coast Castle in Ghana.

Who built the Cape Coast Castle in Ghana?

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, this was their final stopping point before they were loaded onto ships to cross the Atlantic Ocean, never to return to this coastline. My heart pounds in my chest as I think of the hundreds of people who would have been piled into this small, dark room at one time.

They were left for months to starve or perish from disease as they awaited transportation to the Americas. This image of passing through a door, escaping unbelievable horrors, only to be forced to cross the Atlantic Ocean in similar inhumane conditions, really unsettles me. As I look around at the others in my group, I realize that I am not the only one struggling to hold back tears. The guide has to use a flashlight for visibility.

Who built the castles in Ghana?

Slavery on the Gold Coast Although initially built as trading centers for timber and gold, these castles would become strategic trading points in the Triangle Trade. This route brought goods to the West African coast, slaves to the Americas, and raw materials to Europe.

Who built the castles in Ghana?

The Gold Coast, now present-day Ghana, got its name in the 15th century because of the gold and other valuable goods found in the area. Elmina Castle is the oldest building constructed by Europeans that is still in existence in sub-Saharan Africa. After the Who built the castles in Ghana?

Who built the castles in Ghana?

built the fortress in 1482, it changed ownership multiple times, falling into Dutch hands in the mid-1600s when they found it profitable to be involved in the slave trade on the Gold Coast. Towards the end of the 19th century, Elmina Castle came under British colonial rule until Ghana became an independent nation in 1957. Cape Coast Castle, less than ten miles from Elmina Castle, was also heavily used during this incredibly brutal chapter in history.

Ghana's Historic Coastal Forts And Castles

Swedish traders constructed it in 1653, but, after a few different owners, it fell under British control eleven years later. Many enslaved Africans passed through here on their way to British colonies in the Americas. Elmina Castle and Cape Coast Castle are just two of over forty castles on this coast that held enslaved people on their way across the Atlantic Ocean. Around 30 still stand to this day, serving as a reminder of a period that humanity should never forget.

From the castle walls of Cape Coast Castle, I look down at the beach and see a swarm of activity. Fishermen haul their colorful, wooden canoes ashore, providing food for the nearby community. Children, using the base of the castle as a place to dry off in the sun, swim and play in the waves breaking against the fort.

Many of them come to visit the infamous castles that are now. But I am in awe of the people of Ghana and feel so privileged to be here. Even though they live in the shadow of the slave trade, they are resilient people that grew from that devastation and created a culturally-rich, beautiful country. By submitting this form I agree to receive electronic messages from Silversea including the latest news and offers.

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