Question: Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa?

Child marriage is a human rights violation taking place on a vast scale in West and Central Africa which disproportionately affect girls. ... Rapid growth of the child population in African countries makes it increasingly urgent that countries accelerate their efforts to address child marriage.

What is the youngest age you can marry in the United States?

18 Minimum marriage ages are set to prevent child marriages. An individual in the U.S. can marry without parental consent at the age of 18 in all states except for Nebraska, where the age is 19. In the past 15 years, about 200,000 minors have married.

Many of these deaths are preventable and treatable.

Family Decline: The Findings of Social Science

In 2019, there were 229 million malaria cases globally that led to 409,000 deaths. Of these deaths, 67 per cent 274,000 were children under 5 years of age. This translates into a daily toll of nearly 750 children under age 5. Malaria is an urgent public health priority. The disease and the costs of its treatment trap families in a cycle of illness, suffering and poverty. Despite this heavy toll on health and economy, major inroads have been made against the disease as a result of stepped-up funding and programming.

Between 2000 and 2019, mortality rates among children under 5 fell from 84 to 67 per cent. Success, however, in the fight against malaria is fragile and closely tied to sustained investment.

In recent years, there has been a plateau in the funding of the global malaria response. There are concerns that these disruptions have also affected other malaria prevention and treatment programmes.

Many of these disruptions have also coincided with malaria peak season, causing additional concern for the toll that the pandemic could have on malaria mortality and morbidity in children. However, ownership is uneven across countries, ranging from 31 per cent in Angola to approximately 97 per cent in Guinea-Bissau. But despite recent progress in sub-Saharan Africa, the overall use of treated mosquito nets falls short of the global target of universal coverage, and many children are not benefiting from this potentially life-saving intervention.

Large country and regional variations exist. Care seeking Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for more favourable malaria outcomes. As fever is a key manifestation of malaria in children, particularly in malaria endemic regions, care-seeking for febrile children is crucial to reducing child morbidity and mortality. In sub-Saharan Africa, 60 per cent of children with a fever were taken for advice or treatment from a health facility or provider.

Data show disparities in care-seeking behaviour for febrile children by residence, with those living in urban areas more likely to be taken for care than those in rural areas. Disparities are also observed by wealth, with a 19 percentage point difference in care-seeking behaviour between children in the richest 71 per cent and the poorest 52 per cent households. Case management Whilst fever is an indicator of malaria in children, it can also be a sign of other acute infections.

Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa? sub-Saharan Africa, testing is low, with only one in four Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa? per cent of children with a fever receiving medical advice or a rapid diagnostic test.

Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa?

There was a 13 percentage point gap in testing between the richest and the poorest children 35 per cent vs 22 per cent. Additionally, a greater proportion of children in Eastern and Southern Africa 35 per cent were tested than in West and Central Africa 21 per cent.

However, it has become increasingly challenging to track trends following developments in the official recommendations. In response, many countries have expanded the use of diagnostic testing to focus treatment on those diagnosed with malaria. The current lower levels of antimalarial treatment in febrile children may indicate that anti-malarials are being provided only to confirmed cases.

The data continue to support, however, that other less effective antimalarial drugs are still commonly used. Malaria during pregnancy In sub-Saharan African countries with high malaria transmission, pregnant women are highly vulnerable to malaria infection due to reduced immunity.

Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa?

When infected with malaria during pregnancy, they are more likely to become anaemic and give birth to low-birthweight or stillborn Is child marriage an urgent issue in Africa?.

Nearly every country in sub-Saharan Africa with a high malaria burden has adopted intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women as part of its national malaria control strategy. Many countries are still in the process of scaling up this new recommendation.

The following is the Sustainable Development Goal indicators for the monitoring of malaria: Sustainable Development Goal Target Malaria specific indicator Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Target 3.

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