Definitions (Alphabetical): AFAB, AMAB: Acronyms meaning “assigned female/male at birth” (also designated female/male at birth or female/male assigned at birth). No one, whether cis or trans, gets to choose what sex theyre assigned at birth.
What is Enbies?Enbies is a plural term for non-binary people. Throughout this article, I distinguish between trans people and non-binary people. It is critical to note that while some do, not all non-binary people identify as transgender.
What does Genderfluid mean?Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a persons gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.
What are the Neopronouns?Neopronouns are a category of new (neo) pronouns that are increasingly used in place of “she,” “he,” or “they” when referring to a person. Some examples include: xe/xem/xyr, ze/hir/hirs, and ey/em/eir.
What does Lgbtqia+ stand for?Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT/Full name
For other uses, see regarding sex actsor regarding sexuality. Content warningThis article mentions discrimination, and educational talk about genitals. If you are not comfortable with reading about this kind of topic, we suggest you. Sexes are a system of categories, a way of putting kinds of bodies into categories. Living things of many species evolved to be specialized into their own male, female, and kinds, each known as a sex. A sex is generally determined by reproductive body parts.
In humans, these imply-- but do not prove-- a correlation with chromosomes. In What is AMAB and Afab? studies, the sex and of a person are thought of as two distinct things: sex is about the body, whereas gender is about the self. What most people mean when they talk about someone's sex is their assigned gender at birth.
In some circumstances, an individual's assigned sex and gender do not align, and the person may be. In other cases, an individual may have biological sex characteristics that complicate sex assignment, and the person may be intersex. The sex and gender distinction is not universal. In ordinary English, sex and gender are often used interchangeably. Some dictionaries and academic disciplines give them different definitions while others do not.
Some languages, such as German or Finnish, have no separate words for sex and gender, and the distinction has to be made through context.
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On occasion, using the English word gender What is AMAB and Afab? appropriate. Among scientists, the term sex differences as compared to gender differences is often used for sexually dimorphic traits that are thought to be evolved results of sexual selection.
It is supposed to define What is AMAB and Afab? forever, no matter what you change about yourself, think about yourself, or anything. It says the gender you were assigned at birth must be your only real gender. Biological essentialism is used to justify most forms of sexism.
It is harmful to virtually everyone, of any sex or gender. Some use biological essentialism to discriminate against transgender and nonbinary people. This is because a person's sex is much more difficult to determine than most people believe. For example, chromosomes are part of defining someone's sex, but most people never What is AMAB and Afab?
their chromosomes tested. A baby's assigned gender at birth is based on only one thing: What is AMAB and Afab? presence or absence of what a doctor thinks is probably a penis. This will be the only basis of that child's. As the person grows up, the doctor's guess about their sex can turn out to be wrong, because some intersex conditions only become clear once a person has gone through puberty.
Even then, the person might have unusual chromosomes or internal reproductive organs without ever knowing about it. Some advocate for society to cease assigning gender at birth. Moving such designations below the line of demarcation wouldn't compromise the birth certificate's public health function but could avoid harm. Some of them are more accurate and respectful than others.
This list gives some of these phrases. This is an accurate and respectful phrase. People disagree about who gets to say their gender was coercively assigned. The next list of phrases gives those that aren't as accurate or respectful. Please use one of the above phrases instead of them. For example, although a typical transgender woman was assigned male at birth, it could offend her to call her a biological male.
She's not a non-biological woman or a robot. Even more tactful, no direct explicit reference to her assigned gender at birth at all, and simply say that she is a trans woman. Even adults only rarely get to find out what their chromosomes are. Doctors only do that test if they think it might answer questions certain kinds of challenges with health and fertility.
Intersex conditions prove that there is no guarantee that a person's assigned gender might match their chromosomes. This means the sex that a person supposedly had when they were born. Dyadic sexes should not be confused with or. Although well intended, it may fall short of deconstructing binary of sex and acknowledging the complexity of human biology.
Other proposed terms, which have not gained much use, include intrasex and juxtasex.
Less accurate or respectful terms for this are biological female, genetic girl, and natal female. When a person is born, a doctor will say the baby is female based on this one criteria: the absence of a penis, or rather, or a clitoris smaller than a certain size.
The doctor doesn't check the baby for the presence of a vagina, so sometimes the absence of this is missed. People rarely take a test to find out what these are, unless if they think it might explain another physical challenge.
Less accurate or respectful terms for this are biological male, genetic boy, and natal male. When a person is born, a doctor will say the baby is male based on this one criteria: the presence of a penis or a clitoris over a certain size.
The doctor doesn't check the baby for What is AMAB and Afab? absence of a vagina, so sometimes the presence of this is missed. Some only find out they have a uterus if they have scans or surgery on their abdomen for other reasons, or if they menstruate. With some intersex conditions, the difference between these can be unclear. Intersex people are people born with any variation in characteristics What is AMAB and Afab?
chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that do not fit the typical definitions of male or female bodies. Because intersexuality is about the kind of body that someone is What is AMAB and Afab? with, not how they identify, intersex is not a gender, and is not the same thing as nonbinary.
An intersex person doesn't necessarily identify as intersex, and may instead prefer to be called a man or woman. Or an intersex person may agree with their assigned gender; in this case, they would be described as either or. Intersex people may think of themselves as, etc. An intersex person who feels that their intersex status has influenced their gender identity may identify as.
Some intersex people think of their intersex status as belonging to the broader range of identities. People who identify as aren't necessarily intersex, and instead may be dyadic meaning not intersex. As a concept, dyadism is the incorrect belief that humans are strictly dyadic, having only two sexes.
In action, dyadism is discrimination against intersex people. That discrimination can include erasure, harassment, medical malpractice, lack of marriage rights, religious intolerance, human rights violations, and hate crimes against intersex people. Dyadism is also the basis of other forms of sexism, includingthe belief that people have only two genders. Because of dyadism, doctors think of intersex conditions as an irregularity. Gynandromorphs occur in some animal species.
One common misconception is that all animals have only male and female sexes. However, nature is much more complex and varied. Many animal species are known to have a variety of intersex conditions, or very different kinds of sexes than occur among humans. For example: male seahorses that get pregnant, fish that change sex if there aren't enough of a particular sex in their group, female deer with antlers, lionesses with manes, lizards that lay fertile eggs after two females mate together parthenogenesishyenas that give birth through an organ that is nearly indistinguishable from a penis, and so on.
Learning about the diversity of animal sexes can help one recognize how much the sexes are an idea constructed by humans to describe and simplify reality, but our understanding of that reality tends to be limited by our own sexual stereotypes widespread in our culture. Psychology: The science of behavior. International Foundation for Gender Education 71 : 33.
New England Journal of Medicine. Correcting Bisexuality Definitions One at a Time. Anunnaki Ray Marquez 12 December 2019. I prefer to use the word endosex to describe people who were not born intersex.
In the past 'dyadic' was used for this same purpose. The very word 'dyadic' implies that only two sex exist which is not accurate if we are to respect intersex existence. United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human What is AMAB and Afab?.