Biological sex is often confused with gender in our society. The two sexes are differentiated as females, who have ovaries and produce eggs, and males, who have testes and produce sperm. In mammals, females typically have XX chromosomes and males typically have XY chromosomes.
While many published studies survey and analyze the qualitative aspects of female representation in literature and the media, Kejriwal's research particularly made use of his strengths—collecting through existing machine learning algorithms. To produce these findings, Kejriwal and Nagaraj accessed data through the Gutenberg Project corpus which contains English-language 3,000 books, an added attempt to mitigate researcher bias.
The genre of books ranged from adventure andto mystery and romance, and in varied mediums, including novels, short stories, and poetry.
How can I graph two (or more) groups using different symbols?
The other technique is to quantify how many female characters are the main characters in it. This allowed the research team to determine whether the were central to the story. The study's findings also showed that the discrepancy between male and decreases under female authorship. The team's diversified methods to measure How are females different from males? determine female representation in literature did not come without limitations, however, when authors are neither male or female.
Still, the study's findings build the framework for approaching such social issues and building the technologies that can address these deficits. The study also provides a blueprint for future work on quantifying the qualitative findings they discovered through the study's methodologies. Stakeholders with specialized backgrounds, including computer scientists, can offer tools to process data and answer questions, and policymakers can use this data to enact change.
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